The whole concept of insect repellent is no more an alien idea. With constant increase in vector diseases, the market for insect repellent products has expanded. The market can be broadly categorized into coils, vaporizers, mats, sprays, creams and other mosquito repellents. Coils dominated the market in 2015, as they do not require electricity and have a gaseous nature that tends to be effective over a larger area. However, the product faces some competition from vaporizers and new herbal products that are considered less harmful.
Rise in mosquito borne diseases, increase in the disposable income, rise in literacy level and increase in awareness by government initiatives are some of the major factors that can drive the insect repellent market in India through 2021
Understanding the Latest Developments in Insect Repellent Products
The insect repellent market is now witnessing a new trend for anti-mosquito clothing. Anti-mosquito clothing is a personal protection technology wherein the fabric is treated with insecticide during its manufacturing. The garment itself is a physical barrier but the insecticide provides an additional repelling and knock-down effect, minimizing the potential of mosquito biting. The apparel proves to be more effective than other mosquito repellent products.
Clothing can be treated using repellents to prevent insects from contacting your skin with quick-acting insecticides of pyrethroid group such as permethrin. The compound does not repel the insects but lets them contact the fabric and irritates or kills them before they can feed. What makes the insect repellent clothing so preferable is that unlike skin application products, it reduces the chances of allergic reactions. These garments ensure limited contact with human skin and offer strong adherence to fabric fibres.
Permethrin is the commonly used insecticide for fabric impregnation, which produces both knock-down effect and repellent effect. The insecticide kills the mosquito by impairing the nervous system of the mosquito upon absorption. The insecticide has a low toxicity to human which makes it suitable for impregnation.
What Led to the Development of Anti-Mosquito Clothing?
The first impregnated garment was developed and deployed by the U.S. army after the reporting of 50,000 casualties due to malaria during the Vietnam conflict. Today, these products are easily available in the market usually as travel clothing for recreational purpose. Scientists are now evaluating the efficiency and the feasibility of using treated uniforms to protect the school going children from vector borne diseases like dengue, especially in countries like India.
The Various Technologies Used in Insecticide Treated Clothing
Insect Shield Technology Insect Shield is a new revolutionary defence for a battle against bugs. The technology converts clothing and gear into lasting, effective and convenient insect protection. The active ingredient in Insect Shield is tightly bonded to the fibre of the fabric that it retains effective repellence through the life of the product. This personal protection is built right in and lasts for lifetime. The treated garments can be thus worn as you go outdoors. The garment can be used to repel mosquitoes, ticks, insects, ants, flies, chiggers, and midges
LLIN is one such technology that is recommended by World Health Organization to be used in malaria-endemic regions. LLINs are bed nets treated with insecticide and offer protection against mosquitoes like Anopheles.
The Paradigm Shift in Mosquito Repellent Market
The Government of India is playing efficient role in developing the nation’s framework at any instance. The healthcare industry has made several innovations to minimize the effect of vector-borne diseases. According to a report, the demand for mosquito repellents will operate according to the increasing consumer awareness about the spread of vector-borne diseases and urbanisation. The market is witnessing and will continue to see a shift from use of coil to wearing insect repellent clothing. The manufacturers are now introducing anti-mosquito clothing that is making the market more effective and profitable
With a constant increase in the awareness about vector-borne diseases, the repellent market in India is constantly developing. It is assumed that by 2021, Indian mosquito repellent market is projected to reach $800 million. The factors responsible for this growth could be rising disposable income, consumer awareness and easy availability of mosquito repellents. Another aspect that comes into visibility is the paradigm shift that the market shall witness with the development of Anti-Mosquito Clothing.
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